Prostate Cancer - Test Your Knowledge

Prostate Health

The prostate is a walnut sized gland in males located at the base of the bladder, surrounding the neck of the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis). The prostate is part of a male’s sex organs, and produces a secretion that is the fluid part of semen. At around age 40, three prostate conditions can start developing that effect the health and/or quality of life of many men:

  • Enlarged prostate or BPH (benign prostatic hypertrophy): The symptoms of BPH include a hesitant, interrupted, or weak stream while urinating; urgency to urinate and leaking or dribbling; and more frequent urination, especially at night.
  • Prostatitis: an inflammation of the prostate that can be caused by a bacterial infection or other condition.
  • Prostate cancer: typically a very slow growing tumor, often causing no symptoms until advanced stages. But once prostate cancer begins to grow more rapidly or spreads outside the prostate, it is dangerous. This aggressive type of prostate cancer can occur at any age. Although the disease tends to progress slowly, it is generally fatal if it spreads beyond the prostate gland itself.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a substance produced by the prostate gland. Elevated PSA levels may indicate prostate cancer or a noncancerous condition such as BPH or prostatitis. Because the prostate is close to the rectum, a doctor can feel it during a digital rectal exam (DRE) (the part of a physical where the doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into a man's anus). The PSA exam, a blood test, is used in conjunction with a digital rectal exam to screen for prostate cancer. If your PSA blood test and/or DRE indicate that you might have cancer, your doctor will do a prostate biopsy (take a tissue sample) to determine the disease is present.

African American men are 60 percent more likely to get prostate cancer than whites. They're also twice as likely to die from prostate cancer than any other ethnic group. A family history of prostate cancer increases a man's chances of developing the disease.

Most men are encouraged to start having prostate screenings around age 50. However, experts recommend African American men begin testing at age 40 or earlier. Men should consult their physicians to determine when and how often they should be screened.

Prostate Cancer Q&A
    What is the prostate?
  a) The prostate is a walnut sized gland in males
  b) The prostrate is part of a male’s sex organs
  c) The prostate produces a secretion that is the fluid part of semen
  d) All of the above
What is a characteristic of prostate cancer?
a) Fast growing tumor
b) Pronounced symptoms at early stages
c) Dangerous once it spreads outside of the prostate gland
d) Aggressive only among older men
  How do you screen for prostate cancer?
  a) A urine test
  b) PSA blood test and digital rectal exam
  c) Ultra sound
  d) X-ray
  Why is it important for Black men to get screened annually for prostate cancer?
  a) Black men are just as likely to get prostate cancer as white men
  b) BPH is common among Black men
  c) Black men are twice as likely to die from prostate cancer than any other ethnic group
  d) Most Black men forget the results of their past exams
  At what age should Black men start screening for prostate cancer?
  a) Whenever symptoms begin
  b) 65
  c) 50
  d) 40, or earlier if you have risk factors

 Correct answers will be marked with a red asteric '*'



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